A VISIT TO GARVAN WOODLAND GARDENS IN HOT SPRINGS, ARKANSAS

By Rita Lynn

Your Cedar Valley Arboretum membership automatically enrolls you in the American Horticultural Society Reciprocal Program.  Ever wonder how far that program reaches?  A friend, on hearing that I would be vacationing in Hot Springs, Arkansas, highly recommended that we visit the Garvan Woodland Gardens there.   That visit was put on our “must-see” list and was our first destination.  The entrance fee at Garvan is $15 per person, and, on seeing my AHS card, the greeter happily honored it and waived the entire fee.  So began a wonderful day!

Garvan Woodland Gardens occupy 210 acres of woodland landscape and 4½ miles of shoreline on Hamilton Lake, in view of the Ouachita Mountains.  The land was initially owned by Verna Cook Garvan, heiress of family fortunes earned in a brick and tile business, and in a lumber company.  Purchased in about 1915 after a timber clear-cut, commercial timber cutting was never again allowed there.  In about 1956, Mrs. Garvan began to develop the land as a garden and for a future residence.  Seeing how other structures around the lake disturbed the beauty of the wilderness, she eventually opted not to build the residence.  She proceeded to dedicate herself to laying out paths, designating which trees were to be removed, and choosing thousands of plants and their locations as she developed her garden.  Nationally acclaimed architects were then enlisted to design the Garvan Pavilion in the center of the original plantings.

On Mrs. Garvan’s death in 1993, the property was bequeathed to the Department of Landscape Architecture through the University of Arkansas Foundation.  The gardens are now an independent department of the University’s Fay Jones School of Architecture.  In addition, Garvan Gardens enjoys the support of the Arkansas Legislature, Arkansas Natural and Cultural Resources Council, Arkansas Economic Development Commission, many private donors, and more than 3,500 members.

The mission of the Gardens is to preserve and enhance that unique part of the Ouachita Mountain environment; to provide a place of learning, research, cultural enrichment, and serenity; to develop and sustain the gardens, the landscaping and structures with exceptional aesthetics, design and construction; and to partner with and serve the surrounding communities.

As we wandered the gardens, places of natural beauty met us at every turn and on every path we followed.  Stately trees formed the backdrop for bushes and cultivated garden beds.  Streams, ponds, waterfalls and picturesque bridges abounded.  Although they looked as if they had been there for millennia, each water feature was intentionally designed and built, including placing boulders to make the hillsides look like a natural mountain terrain.  It looked as if natural springs flowed over these many features, but water is actually pumped throughout the gardens from the adjacent Lake Hamilton.  Displays change with the seasons, with special exhibitions throughout the year.  One of the highlights is a holiday light festival, featuring colorful lights throughout the gardens.  We arrived in time to enjoy the end of the azalea and hydrangea blooms and the beginning of summer plantings.

Garvan Gardens offers a wide variety of educational opportunities ranging from such topics as bonsai lectures to fly fishing demonstrations.  Day camps for children take place during summer months, and docent training occurs throughout the year.  The Gardens offer accessibility to visitors using wheelchairs and families with children in strollers.  Dogs on leashes are welcome, although they too are charged an entry fee.  Spectacular, architecturally significant venues – the Pavilion, an amphitheater, and the Visitors’ Center, as well as an incredible chapel complex – offer places for special events booked throughout the year.  Visitors can enjoy a fairy garden, a model railroad display, a koi pond, a children’s garden, the resident peacock and peahen, and a wildflower slope.  And a variety of foods are available at the Chipmunk Café.  Under construction now is a huge tree house structure designed by architects at the university to provide children of all abilities the opportunity to directly experience the woodland environment.

Garvan Woodland Gardens is amazing showplace, the result of harmony between natural beauty, landscape design, and architectural marvels.  It is an award-winning prime attraction in the Hot Springs area, and I will remember my visit there with awe in the years to come.  To ensure you don’t miss experiences like this, remember to take your AHS card when you travel.  Look for gardens and arboretums en route or at your destination.  A list of benefits can be found at <ahsgardening.org/gardening-programs/rap/find/statebystate>

Advertisements

A History Rewritten 2001

By Paul Kammerdiner

2001

We have landed in the first year of the new century and once again let’s take a look.

2001-1

The entrance road and service road are more defined by now. We can see the green building, which is the Head House about in the middle of the photo. Notice the line of White Spruce along the North, behind it, are becoming more established.

To the South is the Ethnic Garden (the round one) seen in 1999 and farther on, closer to the road we can see a line of what are lilac bushes. I only know that because they are still there today. Looking East across the path from the Ethnic Garden on the Southside we can see the Green Scene Gardens. Present day there are trees in this spot.

The major activity is still going on to the East of the Head House, we can see the Nursery and then what looks like tilled ground and in the middle of that the new Rose Garden. (see the white crescent and short path)

We can see the greenhouse for the Enabling Garden beyond that.

Notice especially that there are no trees yet right next to the service road as it turns West from the entrance down towards the Head House.

Notice also the path South of the Head House where it turns East toward tower hill, this is where the Arrival Garden will be, in front of the Green Scene Gardens.

PLANNING

Again, this year I am without any photos or documents that talk about the annual retreat. That doesn’t mean no planning took place in the Winter, I am sure it did. I have one document that suggests that plans for the Children’s Garden are in full swing. This document is evidence of a huge fund-raising campaign.

2001-2

EVENTS

I had to search diligently to find something for this year. I finally came across something in a copy of the View. Notice at the bottom where it says 2001 CVABG Highlights

2001-3 

We had a class put on by Jean Durbin, an Ice cream social, and the Fall Festival

 

PROJECTS

  • Rose Garden

There were actually two rose gardens called out in the master plan: a formal rose garden and a shrub rose garden. Our rose garden started out as a vision from two of our volunteers, Arnold Webster and Craig Gibleon. Because of Arnold’s association with one of the most famous of rose hybridizers, Griffen Buck, our rose garden was to be a tribute to him and planted primarily with Buck Roses: see the quote from a document written by Arnold Webster;

“It should be no great surprise that one of the first formal collections at the Cedar Valley Arboretum would be those in the garden of Buck Roses. Every rose aficionado knows the story of  Dr. Griffith Buck (1915-1991) and the eighty-plus roses that are attributed to his brilliant work as a hybridizer.”

Furthermore, Mr. Webster was a former roommate in college with Griffith Buck who become a professor of horticulture at Iowa State.

This garden began during the growing season of 2001 but sadly in December of that year, Mr. Webster passed away. However; under the expertise of Craig Gibleon the Rose Garden continued to take shape. Early plant lists in our archive show 30 different cultivars of Buck Roses in this space.

2001-4

Arnold Webster

Let’s take a look at what the Master Plan had to say on this topic

First, the Formal Rose Garden: “the rose, more than any other ornamental plant embodies a long and enduring history of ornamental horticulture in Western civilization” it goes on to say:

“The plan for the Formal Rose Garden represents traditional European design with a classically shaped fountain at the lowest grade in the garden. Around this central feature, the proposed beds offer an opportunity to display hybrid tea roses by type, category, history, and color.” The red dot on the image below that says Formal Garden shows the location for the Formal Rose Garden

2001-5

I am going to speculate that this is not the type of garden Arnold and Craig had in mind.

The other mentioned rose garden was the Shrub Rose Garden, it is the green dot on the plan above. Quoting from the Master Plan: “shrub roses are gaining popularity owing to their long blooming periods and disease resistance.”

Let’s say that this is closer to what Arnold and Craig were looking at doing, although we know for sure from the documents that their idea was all about Buck Roses, which are shrub roses. In any event, our Rose Garden started out as a showcase for Buck Roses and was located much farther West, on tower hill between the Head House and the Community Gardens.

2001-6

The Rose Garden

2001-7

The Rose Garden

 

GARDENS

Nothing in the way of individual photos of gardens. This is all I have

2001-8

We can see the Community Gardens and a glimpse of the Herb Garden

2001-9

In the foreground of this one is the new Rose Garden, in the background to the left is some of the Enabling Garden

TREES

My computer disk only shows 4 Hackberry and 10 Techny Arborvitae planted this year. However, there is the following record of at least one more tree.

2001-10

This is the Federated Garden Club planting a Kentucky Coffee, they are calling the freedom tree to commemorate 9/11.

VOLUNTEERS

I must always stop and pay tribute to that most special group of people that make everything happen.

Every aspect of this place is touched by them and happens because of them. If I had 50 photos of volunteers from 2001 I would post them, but I only found 2.

2001-11

Bob Frenchick and Scott Dimburg

One of the unique things about our folks is that we have fun while we work.

2001-12

Linda Shulte, Jan Guthrie, Sara Jansen, Maurine Crisp

As we bid farewell to 2001, one last look at tower hill

2001-13

Time to go, another year awaits!

Neonicotinoids: Helpful or Harmful pesticide?

Written by Beth Lavenz

Back in March, Kristine Nemec of the Tallgrass Prairie Center gave a presentation about planting a small prairie or butterfly garden in your backyard. Students were fascinated by her information and how easy it seemed until we began talking about plants. Kristine talked about where she purchases her plants from and mentioned that many big box stores sell plants that have been treated with nicotinoids already. She tends to avoid these stores for plant purchases as she believes in limiting the number of pesticides that her gardens receive and rightfully so. When it comes to using pesticides, those troublesome garden insects are not the only organisms being removed. Non-target organisms can also be affected and may include natural predators for invasive bugs and garden visitors like bees.  Many plants we purchase today have already been treated with pesticides and may be impacting our gardens without us knowing about it.

While “low impact” pesticides exist, some gardeners and activists believe that even a low impact on the environment can be too much. However, the argument for or against pesticides is for another day. Long-time gardeners have tailored their garden practices to include a number of natural and commercial applications however the impact of one group of pesticides in particular, neonicotinoids, is beginning to get a lot of attention.

Neonicotinoids are pesticides that are chemically similar to nicotine. Companies began developing neonicotinoids in the early 80’s in response to pest resistance, especially in agricultural and crop settings and the pesticide became widely available in the 90’s. Hailed as the latest and greatest, the pesticide was promoted for its low toxicity to other insects and animals, however, the research is divided in regards to the effect of this pesticide on the environment. There are seven neonicotinoids used in a variety of garden products available today. You can tell if a product uses a neonicotinoid if it has any of the following as ingredients: acetamiprid, clothianidin, imidacloprid, nitenpyram, nithiazine, thiacloprid, or thiamethoxam.

bee

According to the Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation, neonicotinoids severely impact the health of non-target insects, especially bees. Once applied, the pesticide is absorbed through the soil and through testing, the plants attempting to take nutrients from the soil have been found to transfer some of the pesticides to the pollen and nectar of the plant. This increases the chance that non-target insects, like bees, will receive secondary exposure through the pollen rather than primary exposure, such as being sprayed with the pesticide. Due to the difference in the size of bees vs the plant they take pollen from, smaller amounts of exposure can easily impact the health of bees. Another concern focuses on the length of time that neonicotinoids remain in the soil and the amount that remains after multiple applications. Another issue related to the use of neonicotinoids include the application process which can transfer the pesticide to other plants through the air and water.

Neo Info.PNG

This infographic comes from the Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation’s publication “How Neonicotinoids Can Kill Bees” 

Neonicotinoids work by paralyzing insects and blocking the messages sent to the insects’ nervous system. A study done by the Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation found that four out of the seven neonicotinoids were found to be highly toxic while the other three were found to be moderately toxic to honey bees. Incorrect application procedures can cause drift from the target plant to others in the area or be carried along in water and sent downstream affecting more than just the originally treated plant. Preventative applications often found in agricultural settings change the need for previous biological predators which can impact the variety of insects, both good and bad, visiting your garden.

Ultimately neonicotinoids can be used as an absolute last resort to pest management but the best option for gardeners looking to limit their impact on the diversity of insects in the garden would be to prepare an integrated pest management plan and use other options such as crop rotation and neem extract to fight against pests in the garden. By learning more about the effects of the products we use in our gardens we can help to limit the amount of exposure vulnerable populations, such as bees receive to these deadly pesticides.

References & Resources to learn more:

 

http://webdoc.agsci.colostate.edu/bspm/Garden%20Center%20Talk%20July%202014.pdf

http://ento.psu.edu/publications/are-neonicotinoids-killing-bees (The infographic comes from this resource and can be found on page 17)

https://www.fws.gov/mountain-prairie/feature/pesticid.html

https://pollinator.cals.cornell.edu/threats-wild-and-managed-bees/pesticides/neonicotinoids

https://extension.entm.purdue.edu/neonicotinoids/

https://citybugs.tamu.edu/factsheets/ipm/what-is-a-neonicotinoid/

https://xerces.org/neonicotinoids-and-bees/

https://www.omicsonline.org/insecticides-mode-of-action-in-relation-to-their-toxicity-to-non-target-organisms-2161-0525.S4-002.php?aid=4254

http://gratton.entomology.wisc.edu/2015/06/19/what-do-we-know-about-neonicotinoids-and-pollinator-health/

http://www.savehoneybees.info/images/documents/Chemical_and_non-chemical_alternatives_to_neonicotinoids.pdf

https://www.beyondpesticides.org/assets/media/documents/pollinators/documents/ManagingPestsWithoutNeonics.pdf

http://www.oregon.gov/ODA/shared/Documents/Publications/PesticidesPARC/NeoNicAlternativesNurseries.pdf

https://www.beyondpesticides.org/programs/bee-protective-pollinators-and-pesticides/bee-protective

 

 

A History Rewritten: 2000

Written by Paul Kammerdiner

CVABG-Part 5

We have now arrived at the two thousand’s, despite all the fears of computers causing the end of the world (remember y2k?), we kept on chugging along at the Arboretum.For whatever reason, there was not much in the way of photos or other documentation for the beginning of this first decade. I have to be content with showing you what I have, beginning with what the CVABG looked like this year

 

2000

2001-1

 

Even though the service road off the entrance now extends to the West to the Head House, for the next few years people continue to park up around the tower.

 2000-2

This photo really gives us some perspective, looking back from now. Notice, to the West, no Rose Garden. Also to the North, everything ends at the fence. To the West, there are no Arrival Gardens, just the Nursery and then the Head House

PLANNING

No photos or documents to look at. I am sure, however, that the annual retreat took place and some plans were made.

2000-3This photo from March shows the beds for the Community Gardens, we have planted some type of conifer trees along the fence to the North and the shelves remain from the Bonsai display.

EVENTS

Again, no documentation for me to look at. I know there was a Fall Harvest Festival at least.

PROJECTS

  • Children’s Garden

Remember in 1999 that a ceremonial groundbreaking took place for a new Children’s Garden. This is the year for the project to begin in earnest.

 2000-4

This document outlines that beginning

  • Head House

Looking at the site file on the head house, I find this one line in the history summary: “2000.  Office was built in the Head House.” I do know that prior to this year, this building was used for equipment storage, so am assuming that space was made for an office, probably for the Executive Director. It was still there in the left side corner when I first volunteered here in 2009.

GARDENS

  • Community Gardens
  • Display Gardens
  • Enabling Gardens

Again, I have little in the way of documentation for this year, but if you look closely at the photo that is a repeat of one of the first shown, you can see evidence of the continuation of the community and the different annual gardens.

2000-5

The community gardens are on the right side of the photo and left would be the Iris beds, Raised beds, and the Herb garden. Top right, in front of the parked cars I think are the Green Scene gardens

2000-6

This is one of the enabling garden beds in front of the greenhouse

This looks like a special occasion, but I don’t know what it was, how tantalizing traveling back in time can be

 

TREES

My computer disk only shows 5 trees for this year; here they are

Tree Species Number Planted
American Yellow Wood 2
Scarlet Oak 1
Harvest Gold Crabapple 1
Hackberry 1 

In an article in the View written by Arnold Webster, I find reference to an espalier being planted on the new fence adjacent to the community gardens. It is called an Apple Wall in the article because it is composed of apple tree branches. Espalier, according to Wikipedia, is an ancient form of training tree branches against a flat surface, usually fruit trees. I am going to say this qualifies as tree planting

2000-7

I didn’t have any photos of the Espalier in 2000, but here it is in 2008

VOLUNTEERS

Only one photo of a volunteer that I know for sure comes from 2000.

 

2000-8

Tim Sprengeler

 

Our stay here is only for as long as we have things to look at, so away we go

 

Recipe for a garden-by Beth Lavenz

When you think of a garden, you’re not likely to associate the different flowers and plants as integral parts of the recipe to create a garden. Flowers are not easily measurable like dry ingredients and it’s no easy feat to tell when a garden is complete by using a toothpick. All joking aside though, many people think that gardens and cooking are two completely different worlds, however, there are many similarities to the work of a chef or baker and the work of a gardener. Continue reading

A History Rewritten- Part 4 by Paul Kammerdiner

1999  From a time- machine, you always can look down on a place!

1999-1Notice the top left of the photo, we can see the Head House, cars parked up by the tower and stretching to the East the fledgling arboretum, we can also see the new road (Arboretum Drive) to the top of the photo. The red line is where the entrance was supposed to be for CVABG.

 

PLANNING

This is a good year to introduce my axiom for CVABG; Ever Growing, Ever Changing!

Planning always starts in the months prior to the growing season so we can devote the warm months to working outdoors as we build and plant.

  • This year we have a new Executive Director, Sue Shuerman.

Lots of things going on as we pick up the pace and start some major additions to our green space.

Continue reading

Horticulture: Therapy for all, a prescription for some By Rita Lynn

Did you ever wonder why so many fabrics used in our homes and for our clothing have plant and flower patterns?  Have you had the opportunity to take advantage of the natural environments that fine hotels build, at great expense, in their indoor public spaces?  Are you right now perusing seed catalogs and yearning for gardening weather to return?  We humans appear to be programmed to enjoy green, living environments.

Shade Garden.JPG

As early as 2000 B.C., stressed monarchs were prescribed walks in their gardens to calm their senses.  Records from around 500 B.C. indicate that Persians created gardens that stimulated all the senses by incorporating visual beauty, appealing fragrances, cooling temperatures, and music in the form of flowing water.  Now leap forward to current times.  We have come to recognize a number of positive effects when we engage in activities related to horticulture.

20171021_102109

Gardening keeps us active.  It is easier for many of us to work off the suggested weekly amount of exercise in our gardens than it is to adhere to an aerobics routine.  In fact, we’re likely to spend even more than the suggested amount of time, working both our upper and lower bodies, without even realizing we’re doing so.  In turn, we can lower our blood pressure, burn calories, and address all those other factors that help stave off such modern banes as obesity, diabetes and heart disease.  Meanwhile, we are increasing strength, stamina, and flexibility, and we are out in the sun (being sure to use sunscreen to block harmful rays), allowing our bodies to absorb vitamin D.  We can help children develop a sense of responsibility when we give them seeds and a garden patch, and they will be more likely to try vegetables they have helped grow and harvest, than the ones that just appear on their plates from the grocery store.

20171021_102335.jpg

We know there are psychological benefits as well.  Although even a few plants on the patio can keep us from being self-centered and self-absorbed, a garden also allows us to escape from the bustle of our lives and rest in the simple beauty and in the soothingly rhythmic qualities of growing things.  In the garden, we can focus on the here and now instead of the worries and stresses of the past and future.  Or we can vent our anger by hoeing, chopping, tamping, and all those more rigorous tasks a garden might require.

0422170919_HDR.jpg

Simply breathing outdoor air has been shown to have benefits.  Studies have suggested that bacteria that live in soil, M. vaccae, can produce increased serotonin levels in humans.  Thus, when we stir up these bacteria by “playing in the dirt” of our gardens, or even when we just go outside and breathe the air around us, we might experience reduced anxiety and a lighter mood.

0523171739_HDR

The benefits can go on and on.  Better sleep after our exercise outdoors, increased hand strength, improved self-esteem, better nutrition through eating the healthy produce we harvest and increased social contact are all listed as positive impacts of gardening.  Gardening can also influence the family budget.  The produce raised decreases the food bill, and a pleasantly landscaped lot can increase the value of our homes.

Recently, researchers have worked to quantify the benefits of engaging in horticultural activities.  A 2006 study demonstrated that gardening could lower the risk of dementia, and people with dementia have shown reduced agitation and improved cognition and sleep patterns.  In general, studies in several areas have statistically demonstrated that therapy in horticulture settings can reduce pain and stress, improve attention, decrease the use of medications, and reduce falls.  For example, one study had subjects participate in a stressful activity followed either by 30 minutes of indoor reading or 30 minutes of gardening.  Both groups reported reduced stress, but the group who gardened experienced a significantly greater level of stress relief.

 

THE RISE OF HORTICULTURE THERAPY AS A PROFESSION

With all these experienced and even statistically supported benefits of gardening, it seems as if it is as good as therapy.  Well, way back in 1812, Dr. Benjamin Rush, often called the father of American Psychiatry, published a book, Medical Inquiries and Observations Upon Diseases of the Mind.  In it, Dr. Rush noted that one of the activities that separated those who recovered from “mania” from those who did not, was “digging in a garden.” (Detweiler et al. article)  Because of that, the hospital grounds provided paths through landscaped areas for patient wandering.  Eventually, psychiatric hospitals all over the United States included horticultural activities for their clients.

pexels-photo-169523.jpeg

Hospitals also found gardening and agricultural activities benefited veterans returning from WWI.  Consequently, occupational and recreational therapists began using horticulture activities as mental health treatment modalities.  Later, in 1959, a greenhouse was built at the Rusk Institute in New York City to go beyond addressing psychiatric issues, to assisting in diagnosis and physical rehabilitation.  Finally, in 1972, the Menninger Foundation and the Horticulture Department at the University of Kansas worked together to train students studying in the mental health field.  This, then, was the first Horticulture Therapy (HT) curriculum in the United States.

Since that time, the use of HT has grown to include treatment for a wide range of diagnoses and has been accepted as an effective therapeutic modality in rehabilitation, vocational and community settings.  HT’s can be found working in a wide range of places.  These include hospitals, programs for people with developmental impairments, adult day treatment facilities, special education schools, programs for at-risk youth, hospice programs, and community and public gardens.

20170505_093524_1494001311319.jpg

Professionals with degrees in related fields, who have a special interest in horticulture as a modality, can enroll in programs leading to a certificate in HT.  Those who have completed bachelor’s degrees can also work toward registration by the American Horticultural Therapy Association.  Included in the requirements for this recognition is a 480-hour internship in horticultural therapy as a treatment modality.

As you see, there are many reasons why our interest and involvement in gardening and other plant-related pursuits are good for us.  You can legitimately call it therapy!  So pick up those seed catalogs and dream away.  That alone is an act of faith that the world around us will again be green and full of beautiful growing things.

 

Resources

What are the physical and mental benefits of gardening?www.msue.anr.msu.edu/news/what_are_the_physical_and_mental_benefits_of_gardening

5 surprising ways gardening improves your health,” www.rodalesorganiclife.com/garden/5-surprising-ways-gardening-improves-your-health

What is the evidence to support the use of therapeutic gardens for the elderly?” Mark B. Detweiler et al., www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3372556/

Petal power: why is gardening so goo for our mental health?www.psychologytoday.com/blog/worry-and-panic/2015/petal-power-why-is-gardening-so-goo-for-our-mental-health

Horticultural Therapy,” www.ahta.org/history-of-horticultural-therapy

Professional registration with the American Horticultural Therapy Association,” www.ahta.org/professional-registration

Horticultural therapy as a career,” www.ahta.org/a-career-in-horticultural-therapy

Horticultural therapy careers,” www.htinstitute.org/horticultural-therapy-careers

A History Rewritten-1997 by Paul Kammerdiner

1997

1997-1

In this photo, the red line shows the area we will begin to develop first. North is to the right on the photo, so Hawkeye is to the West of the site.

We are now establishing our routine and begin the year with what will be known as the annual meeting or the annual retreat, again this year meetings are held at Hawkeye.

PLANNING

  • Annual Retreat

Winter is the time for brainstorming new ideas for the next growing season, to have some fun too!

Last year one element of the Master Plan Phase One-A had been started, the beginning of the Arboretum aspect of the site by planting the Sesquicentennial Forest. This same part of the plan also calls for a nursery, a material storage area/service building, an access road, temporary parking, and a siltation pond. Plans for this year are to complete all of these except the pond.

An ambitious agenda: let’s see how the year unfolded beginning with:

EVENTS

  • Early Clean Up

This would correspond to what we now call “waking up the gardens”, at this time there wasn’t much to wake up. There was, however, a great deal of space to clear.

These are the days before the ordinance that forbade burning and the days before we had a mowing crew and this is how we handled taming the wilderness. We burned the weeds!

1997-8

Some cleanup is done just by pulling stuff out; notice the entrance in the background of this photo, it still is just a stock gate. The area that looks like it may be crushed asphalt is what was adjacent to the tower and was the first parking area. The service road system to the West did not exist until later in the year.

  • Easter Egg Hunt

This is a repeat event and looks to be popular with the kids

1997-121997-13

  • Herb Club Picnic

Early on, the Cedar Valley is discovering that the Arboretum is a great place to gather.

  • Winter Fest

Took place over at Hawkeye and was kid oriented and indoors.

 

PROJECTS

  • Storage area/service building; called the Head House

1997-18

We are still in Phase One-A of the Master Plan. This building was located more to the Southwest in the plan-about where the barn is now. I did not find any documentation that told me why it ended up where it is now, but about in this spot on the Master Plan is a building called the Temporary Visitor’s Center.

Construction began in June. Fundraising was carried out by a committee chaired by Craig Gibleon. They established a fund of $15,000. Tom Walton and the U.S. West Telephone Pioneers volunteered to organize construction.

This national community service organization would contribute many volunteer hours during these early years.

Notice on the image below, the red dot is where the service building was supposed to be. The green dot is the entry road, and the blue dot is where the head house was built.

The completed Head House; notice that there are a few White Spruce trees to the North but no parking lot, or access road.

  • Nursery

This is one more element of the Master Plan and was implemented this year

These berms of mulch formed the first Nursery and it was located to the East of the Head House where the Arrival Garden and the back of the Rose Garden are now.

From photos over the years, it appears that all sorts of plants were grown here

  • Access Road

This Master Plan element was to lead to the temporary parking lot and it did eventually do that. For right now it connects the entrance to the Head House.

  • Tool Sheds

This is not really a Master Plan element but the decision has been made to start on the Community Gardens which are located on the Master Plan up on tower hill.

This location is the red dot on the image below and you can see that they were originally pretty close to that location until they were moved farther West in later years.

1997-32

An article in the Arboretum newsletter talks about building sheds to keep tools for people to use when working in the Community Gardens. It also talks about these structures being used for shade.

Some lime-gravel walkways were also added in this area.

You can see the little shade seating area in the front

Notice here that there are two sheds, one closer to the tower and one farther North, they are connected with a gravel path. The farthest one has nothing to the North of it except a corn field. This land to the North is part of the Arboretum site but until we were ready to develop it, Hawkeye used it for their Agriculture Classes.

GARDENS

  • Community Gardens

I mentioned these gardens in our previous stop on the timeline and said they are on the Master Plan, the image below shows where they were and we put them fairly close to that spot. (see the red dot)

1997-37

These plots were laid out last year and are to the East of the tower where the Display Garden is now, they would later be moved over to the West. I didn’t find any photos of this year’s gardens in bloom.

1997-38

  • Wattle Garden

This year the annuals are decorative Kale and Cabbage

1997-39

The next images that I found show some new gardens that are planted and I am beginning to speculate again. There is a garden on the master plan called Annual/Arrival Garden. Here is part of the description of the plan: “the arrival garden should be simple, colorful, and change from year to year”

There is a spot on the Master Plan called, Annuals (see the red dot on the image) and I wonder if the next few gardens were an attempt at incorporating some Annual Gardens into the site.

1997-40

Perhaps, the Wattle Garden falls into this category as well. If so, they were moved farther West, up by the Community Gardens. I should probably make note of the fact that, present day, we have gardens we call Annual Gardens and one we call the Arrival Garden, they are very different from these early ones, but kind of similar. I will make further note of them when we get there on our time journey.

1997-41

  • Iris Garden

1997-42

  • Raised Beds Gardens

1997-43

  • Trial Gardens

1997-44

  • Wheel Garden

1997-45

  • Tulip Garden

We received a donation of tulip bulbs from Platts, these were planted up by the Tower.

  • Herb Garden

This is another garden from the master plan; here is how it is described:

“the visitor will venture from the Walled Garden into a warm, sunny garden with stone paving and large pots filled with silver leafed plants reminiscent of sun-drenched Mediterranean gardens. The south wall of the Walled Garden will provide reflected heat and light, making this space a delightful contrast to the shady walk through adjacent gardens. Herbs for cooking, medicine, dye, and fragrance will be grouped in display beds.”

The image below gives us an orientation of where they are talking about from the Master Plan (red dot is the herb garden)

1997-46

This is the first layout for the Herb Garden, started by the Herb Club: it remains in this same spot, present day, but is farther West from the location on the Master Plan.

 

  • Green Scene Garden

I mentioned that Green Scene has had gardens at CVABG from the start, this year one of their gardens was a project for the Food Bank.

1997-511997-52

Delivery of the produce to the Food Bank

TREES

Tree Species Number Planted
Black Maple 4
Variegated Norway Maple 1
Silver Queen Maple 1
River Birch 1
Northern Catalpa 6
Techny Arborvitae 2
Redbud 4
Sunburst Locust 1
White Oak 1
Northern Red Oak 5
Bur Oak 7
Scarlet Oak 1
Shingle Oak 2
Pin Oak 2
Ohio Buckeye 2
Horse Chestnut 1
Shagbark Hickory 1
Bitternut Hickory 1
Autumn Purple Ash 2
Lodge Pole Pine 1
Austrian Pine 1
American Basswood 1
Little Leaf Linden 1

 

I know where many of these trees are so I can tell you that some of them were planted just East of where the annual beds are being planted in 1997, while some of these were planted across the creek toward Hess Road.

1997-53

Here is the River Birch planted this year- it is over to the West by what is now the Barn, you can also see the ones planted last year.

1997-54

And the Sesquicentennial Forest has had a year to grow.

 

VOLUNTEERS

The driving force will always be the volunteers. As you have noticed in the photos EVERYTHING is accomplished through the dedicated people that love the CVABG.

1997 was a year of great progress and interest is building within the community!

 

Back into our time machine and on to 1998.